Estimating the safe duration and concentration of benzene exposure in the workplace in the printing industry

Moch. Sahri and Octavianus Hutapea and Muslikha Nourma Romadhoni and Friska Ayu and Efi Sriwahyuni and Shamsul Bahari Shamsudin (2023) Estimating the safe duration and concentration of benzene exposure in the workplace in the printing industry. Bali Medical Journal, 12 (2). pp. 1-4. ISSN 2089-1180

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Introduction: Increased levels of benzene in the air in the work environment can increase the case of leukemia cancer in workers. In their every activity, printing workers unwittingly breathe benzene vapor from the solvent used in ink. This study aimed to estimate safe concentrations and exposure times when working with benzene exposure in the workplace. Methods:The type of this study is observational and cross-sectional. The research sample consisted of 25 people who worked in the printing industry. Results: Benzene measurements in the work environment in the production section range from 1.57-4.88 mg / m3 with an average level of 2.54 mg/m3. The average intake was 0.0243 mg/ kg/day, while the average Risk Quotient (RQ) value was >1 (88%), which means there is a risk of adverse effects due to exposure to benzene vapor. Based on the calculation results, the current conditions with the concentration and characteristics of workers obtained an average safe duration of 3.2 years. For safe concentration, assuming a working life of 25 years and with the characteristics of the workers, the average safe concentration value is 0.2 mg/m3. Conclusions: The level of risk of benzene exposure will continue to increase as the working period increases. It can be prevented by taking technical and administrative control measures and using personal protective equipment.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: benzene, concentration, printing, safe duration.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA1-939 Mathematics > QA273-280 Probabilities. Mathematical statistics
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1-1185 Chemical technology > TP155-156 Chemical engineering
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2023 10:17
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2023 10:17

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