Enhancing Mechanical Properties and Flux of Nanofiber Membranes for Water Filtration

Siddratul Sarah Binti Mohd Hami and Nor Dalila Nor Affandi and Liliana Indrie and Simona Tripa and Ahmad Mukifza Harun and Mohd Rozi Ahmad (2023) Enhancing Mechanical Properties and Flux of Nanofiber Membranes for Water Filtration. Polymers, 15. pp. 1-19.

[img] Text

Download (38kB)
[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy


Nanofibres have gained attention for their highly porous structure, narrow pore size, and high specific surface area. One of the most efficient techniques for producing nanofibres is electrospinning. These fibres are used in various fields, including water filtration. Although they possess the ability to filter various components, the fibres generally have low mechanical strength, which can mitigate their performance over time. To address this, studies have focused on enhancing nanofibre membrane strength for water filtration. Previous analyses show that the mechanical properties of nanofibre mats can be improved through solvent vapour treatment, thermal treatment, and chemical crosslinking. These treatments promote interfibre bonding, leading to the improvement of mechanical strength. However, excessive treatment alters nanofibre behaviour. Excessive heat exposure reduces interfibre bonding, while too much solvent vapour decreases pore size and mechanical strength. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of these post-treatments is crucial. This review examines posttreatments aiming to increase the mechanical strength of nanofibre mats, discussing their advantages and disadvantages. Understanding these treatments is essential for optimising nanofibre membrane performance in water filtration and other applications.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Nanofibres, Electrospinning, Water filtration, Post-treatments, Mechanical properties
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA1-2040 Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD1-1066 Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > TD429.5-480.7 Water purification. Water treatment and conditioning. Saline water conversion
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2023 16:01
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2023 16:01
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/37513

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item