Factors Influencing Charitable Giving in Malaysia: An Islamic Perspective

Mohamad Isa Abd Jalil and Hanudin Amin and Sofri Yahya and Anwar Allah Pitchay and Suddin Lada and Pg Mohd Faezul Fikri Ag Omar (2023) Factors Influencing Charitable Giving in Malaysia: An Islamic Perspective. ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance, 15 (2). pp. 119-135.

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Purpose ― This study aims to discover how Islam, as a religion, influences its believers to contribute in the form of gifts, donations or charity, generally referred to as tabarruʿ. Design/Methodology/Approach ― Structural equation modelling analysis was used to investigate the online questionnaire responses from 402 Muslims who have contributed to charity. Findings ― The study finds that only targhīb (reward) and tarhīb (threat) have a significant positive relationship with tabarruʿ, while iḥsān (excellence) and ukhūwah (brotherhood)―despite showing positive influence―are not significant. It also highlights that the influences of targhīb and tarhīb are more robust when the respondent has a higher level of education. Originality/Value ― To the best of the authors’ knowledge, only a few studies on the influence of religion on charitable behaviour have been carried out. So far, no study has looked at the determining variables from the standpoint of Islam. Research Limitations/Implications ― Due to constraints of time and research funding, the sample population was not drawn from all states in Malaysia. The sample was restricted to Malaysians in Sabah, Malaysia. Practical Implications ― This study highlights that non-profit organisations in Malaysia, especially those from an Islamic background, should be able to organise their fundraising strategies with an emphasis on the factors of targhīb and tarhīb.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Brotherhood, Charity, Donation, Reward, Threat
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1-610 Islam. Bahai Faith. Theosophy, etc. > BP1-253 Islam > BP160-165 General works on Islam
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV1-9960 Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Business, Economics and Accounting
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2023 14:46
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2023 14:46
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/37751

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