Shalini Nagaratnam (2006) Application of mathematics in EAN 13 and EAN 8 with programming. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract
EAN 8 and EAN 13 are the most common barcodes used in retail products. EAN 8 consists 8 digits while EAN 13 consists 13 digits. The last digit for both is known as the check digit. A check digit serves to verify the order of the preceding digits or the validity of a barcode which is attained through mathematical calculations using mod 10 and weight (I, 3). The understanding of Congruence Modulo n and Modular Arithmetic is required. After validating EAN 8 and BAN 13, using binary digits, the symbol of BAN 13 and EAN 8 is formed. The understanding of probability, permutation, binary and base two system are required to understand the formation of the symbol. To assist the validity check of EAN 8 and EAN 13, a Clanguage program was encoded. Another Clanguage program was developed to assist the detection of the possible errors in the barcode string of digits. In conclusion, Mod 1O is the most suitable mod for attaining check digit. However using the weight (1,3) does not allow the detection of a Jump Transposition Error. For further research, analysis on different weight for EAN 13 and EAN 8 can be conducted as well as improving the Cprogram for Error Detection in EAN 13 and EAN 8.
Item Type:  Academic Exercise 

Keyword:  EAN 3, EAN 13, Barcode, Retail products 
Subjects:  Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA1939 Mathematics > QA299.6433 Analysis 
Department:  SCHOOL > School of Science and Technology 
Depositing User:  ADMIN ADMIN 
Date Deposited:  09 Jan 2012 16:46 
Last Modified:  12 Oct 2017 10:43 
URI:  https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/404 
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