Utilisation of carbon dioxide for electro-carburisation of mild steel in molten carbonate salts

Siambun, Nancy Julius and Harimi G. Mohamed and Hu, Di and Jewell, Daniel and Yeo, Kiam Beng and Chen, George Zheng (2011) Utilisation of carbon dioxide for electro-carburisation of mild steel in molten carbonate salts. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158 (11). H1117-H1124. ISSN 0013-4651


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The COâ‚‚ gas was utilised as a source of carbon for electro-carburisation of mild steel in carbonate containing molten salts at 800C. In the process, the mild steel to be carburised was made the cathode. An inert anode of SnO 2 was used to ensure oxygen gas as the by-product. Two molten salt baths, i.e. Na 2CO 3-NaCl (molar ratio 4:1) and Li 2CO 3-K 2CO 3 (molar ratio 1:1), were investigated as the electrolyte and also the medium for CO 2 absorption. Microstructural changes in the electro-carburised samples, as revealed by either optical or scanning electron microscopy, were featured by the increase of the carbon rich cementite phase (Fe 3C) at the expense of the original ferrite phase near the surface of the samples. Micro-hardness profiles measured from the surface to the centre of the electro-carburised sample presented clear evidence of carbon penetration as a function of the electrolysis voltage, and the activity of carbonate ions in the molten salts. The carbon-hardened case was up to 0.60 mm in thickness with the carbon content in the near surface region reaching saturation (Fe 3C, 6.69 wt.). The current efficiency of electro-carburisation depended on the cell voltage, and possible causes are discussed with the aid of a simple model correlating the hardness and carbon content.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Carbon content, Carbon rich, Carbonate ions, Cell voltages, Current efficiency, Ferrite phase, Inert anode, Microstructural changes, Molar ratio, Molten carbonate salts, Molten salt, Near surface regions, Oxygen gas, Carbides, Carbon dioxide, Carbonation, Ferrites, Fused salts, Hardness, Inert gases, Scanning electron microscopy, Sodium chloride
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1-1185 Chemical technology > TP250-261 Industrial electrochemistry
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2012 17:22
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 15:24
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/4867

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