A review on the pattern of electricity generation and emission in Indonesia from 1987 to 2009

M. H. Hasan and Wan Khairul Muzammil Abd Rahim and Teuku Meurah Indra Mahlia and A. Jannifer and Iskandar Hasanuddin (2012) A review on the pattern of electricity generation and emission in Indonesia from 1987 to 2009. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (5). pp. 3206-3219. ISSN 1364-0321


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The level of energy demand plays a fundamental role in today's society. It is a vital input in supporting the physical and social development of a country, as well as national economic growth. Looking at the energy demand scenario in present time, the global energy consumption is likely to grow faster than the population growth across the world. Like any other energy sectors, electricity demand has significantly increased in Indonesia over the past years. Currently, there are six types of power plants in the country. The main sources of electrical energy are generated using the gas turbines, steam turbines, combined cycles, geothermal, diesel engine and hydro-powers. Most of Indonesia's power plants are using fossil fuel for electricity generation. Substantial growth in domestic energy demand, however, would be a major challenge for Indonesia's energy supply sector in the future. Over the past decade, thermal power plants generated about 86.69% of electricity and about 13.31% was generated by renewable energy such as hydro-power and geothermal in 2009. The purpose of this study is to chronicle and show a clear view of 23 years trend of Indonesia's electricity generation industry. Furthermore, the capacity of power generation installed and electricity generation from 1987 to 2009 has been gathered for this study. The total pollutant emissions and emission per unit electricity generation for each type of power plants have been also calculated using emission factors. Also, the pattern of electricity generation and emission has been presented. The results show that the implementation and contribution of combined cycle power plants should be increased together with renewable energy and natural gas which are recommended to reduce greenhouse gas emission.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Electricity generation, Emissions, Energy sources, Indonesia, Combined cycle, Domestic energy, Economic growths, Electrical energy, Electricity demands, Electricity generation, Emission factors, Energy demands, Energy sector, Energy source, Energy supplies, Indonesia, Per unit, Pollutant emission, Population growth, Renewable energies, Social development, Thermal power plants, Combined cycle power plants, Diesel engines, Economics, Electric power generation, Energy utilization, Fossil fuels, Gas emissions, Geothermal energy, Greenhouse gases, Particulate emissions, Population statistics, Steam turbines, Thermoelectric power plants, Electric generators
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Department: SCHOOL > School of Engineering and Information Technology
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2012 17:29
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 15:12
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/5517

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