Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult Malaysians : An update

Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud and Kamarul Imran Musa and Amir Sharifuddin Md Khir and Aziz al Safi Ismail and Ikram Shah Ismail and Khalid Abdul Kadir and Nor Azmi Kamaruddin and Nor Azwany Yaacob and Norlaila Mustafa and Osman Ali and Siti Harnida Md Isa and Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar (2011) Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult Malaysians : An update. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 20 (1). pp. 35-41. ISSN 0964-7058


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A total of 4428 adults (>18 years old) from 5 different selected regions in Peninsular and East Malaysia participated in this health survey. Using World Health Organization recommendations for body mass index (HMI), the prevalence of overweight and obesity were found to be 33.6% (95% CI= 32.2, 35.0) and 19.5% (95% CI= 18.3, 20.7) respectively. There were more females who were obese (22.5%, 95% CI=20.9, 24.0) compared to males (14.1%, 95% CI=12.3, 15.9). Highest prevalence of obesity were among the Indians (24.6%, 95% CI=20.3, 29.3), followed closely by the Malays (23.2%, 95% CI=21.6, 24.8%) and lowest prevalence was among the Chinese subjects (8.2%, 95% CI=6.2, 10.6). More than 43% of the 531 younger subjects (<30 years old) were either overweight (20%, 95% CI=16.6, 23.6) or obese (13.9%, 95% CI=11.1, 17.2%). All subjects who claimed to be non-diabetes were required to undergo 75 g glucose tolerance test. Compared to subjects with normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)), there was a 3- and 2-folds increase in the prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance respectively, among obese subjects (BMI >30 kg/m(2)) who initially claimed to have no diabetes. This study highlights a need for more active, inter-sectoral participation advocating a health-promoting environment in order to combat obesity in this country.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Overweight, Obesity, Prevalence, Oral glucose tolerance test, Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC31-1245 Internal medicine > RC581-951 Specialties of internal medicine > RC627.5-632 Metabolic diseases
Department: SCHOOL > School of Medicine
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2011 08:51
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2017 15:49

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