Culture-level dimensions of social axioms and their correlates across 41 cultures

Bond, Michael Harris and Leung, Kwok and Au, Al and Tong, Kwok Kit and Reimel de Carrasquel, Sharon and Murakami, Fumio and Yamaguchi, Susumu and Bierbrauer, Günter and Singelis, Theodore M. and Broer, Markus and Boen, Filip and Lambert, Sophie M. and Ferreira, Maria Cristina and Noels, Kimberly A. and van Bavel, Jay and Safdar, Saba and Zhang, Jianxin and Chen, Lina and Solcova, Iva and Stetovska, Iva and Niit, Toomas and Niit, Kaisa Kitri and Hurme, Helena and Boling, Mia and Franchi, Vije and Magradze, Guguli and Javakhishvili, Nino and Boehnke, Klaus and Klinger, Edgar and Huang, Xu and Fulop, Marta and Berkics, Mihaly and Panagiotopoulou, Penny and Sriram, Sujata and Chaudhary, Nandita and Ghosh, Anjali and Vohra, Neharika and Iqbal, Dien Fakhri and Kurman, Jenny and Thein, Ram David and Comunian, Anna Laura and Son, Kyung Ae and Austers, Ivars and Harb, Charles and Odusanya, Joseph O. T. and Zainal A. Ahmed and Rosnah Ismail and van deVijver, Fons and Ward, Colleen and Mogaji, Andrew and Sam, David Lackland and Zeb Khan, Muhammad Jahan and Cabanillas, William E. and Sycip, Ly and Neto, Felix and Cabecinhas, Rosa and Xavier, Paulo and Dinca, Margareta and Lebedeva, Nadezhda and Viskochi, Andrianna and Ponomareva, Oksana and Burgess, Steven Michael and Oceja, Luis and Campo, Silvia and Hwang, Kwang Kuo and D’souza, June Bernadette and Ataca, Bilge and Furnham, Adrian and Lewis, J. Rees (2004) Culture-level dimensions of social axioms and their correlates across 41 cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35 (5). pp. 548-570. ISSN 0022-0221


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Leung and colleagues have revealed a five-dimensional structure of social axioms across individuals from five cultural groups. The present research was designed to reveal the culture level factor structure of social axioms and its correlates across 41 nations. An ecological factor analysis on the 60 items of the Social Axioms Survey extracted two factors: Dynamic Externality correlates with value measures tapping collectivism, hierarchy, and conservatism and with national indices indicative of lower social development. Societal Cynicism is less strongly and broadly correlated with previous values measures or other national indices and seems to define a novel cultural syndrome. Its national correlates suggest that it taps the cognitive component of a cultural constellation labeled maleficence, a cultural syndrome associated with a general mistrust of social systems and other people. Discussion focused on the meaning of these national level factors of beliefs and on their relationships with individual level factors of belief derived from the same data set.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Social axioms, Cultural dimensions, Dynamic externality, Societal cynicism
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology (General)
Department: SCHOOL > School of Psychology and Social Work
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2011 11:28
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2021 12:53

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