Effects of food matrix on the bioactivity properties of malaysian brown seaweed, sargassum polycystum

Patricia Matanjun and Neoh Yan Ying and Lee Jau Shya (2022) Effects of food matrix on the bioactivity properties of malaysian brown seaweed, sargassum polycystum. In: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON FOOD SCIENCE AND NUTRITION 2022 ” Future Food: Emerging Trends, Health and Diversity”, 24th-25th August 2022., Online.

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The objective of the study is to evaluate the effects of food matrix on the bioactivity properties of Malaysian brown seaweed, Sargassum polycystum. Antioxidant activities were employed using ferric reducing ability power, beta-carotene bleaching assay and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate free radical scavenging activity. S. polycystum powder was subjected to a simulated gastrointestinal model to mimic digestion at different phases (oral, gastric and post gastric) to investigate the bioavailability of antioxidant activities. The food matrix effects were studied using 17 different types of common foodstuffs cooking oil, sodium chloride, sugar, honey, vinegar, 95% protein isolate, skim milk, full cream milk, soy milk, bread, rice, meat, vitamin C, broccoli, apple, lemon juice, and apple juice were used as food models. The antioxidant activity has shown the highest recovery in the post gastric section. Food matrix results suggested seaweed was best to be taken with a combination of high-fat content food where full cream milk and oil showed promoting effects on the release of fucoxanthin and beta-carotene by increasing 12-18% of fucoxanthin and 17-26% of beta-carotene content. Bread, salt, and vinegar showed promoting effect in recovery by 4-7%. Fat’s products were able to increase the bio-accessibility of fucoxanthin by 12-15% and beta-carotene by 15-20%. Protein and dietary fibre products have shown inhibiting effects on the recovery of fucoxanthin and beta-carotene content, wherein a decrease in bio-accessibility of fucoxanthin by 22-40% and beta-carotene by 8-23% respectively. In conclusion, fucoxanthin and beta-carotene recovery and bio-accessibility were affected by types of food matrix mainly fat and fibre content.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keyword: Food matrix , Antioxidants , Seaweed , Sargassum polycystum , Gastrointestinal model
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > QK1-989 Botany > QK504-(638) Cryptogams
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX1-1110 Home economics > TX341-641 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2023 14:55
Last Modified: 22 May 2023 10:45
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/35307

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